There is a growing appreciation for the importance of regular physical activity as an integral component of a healthy lifestyle. Over the past twenty to thirty years a substantial body of evidence has accumulated regarding the benefits which accrue to people of all ages who participate in regular physical activity. These advances in our understanding of the relationship between physical activity participation and health have important implications for students of Kinesiology. Whether kinesiology graduates pursue employment opportunities immediately after completing their undergraduate education or after the completion of post-baccalaureate educational opportunities in kinesiology or other health-related fields, all graduates serve as academic or community experts on healthy and active lifestyles. Accordingly, it is essential that the undergraduate Kinesiology core include content that explores in detail the relationship between physical activity participation, health and well-being.